Category Archives: Technology and Science

Review-Menial Skilled Labor in Science Fiction

Menial: Skilled Labor in Science Fiction, Kelly Jennings and Shay Darrach (ed.), 2013, ISBN 9780615705613

Most science fiction stories are bout tall, square-jawed adventurers exploring the galaxy and singlehandedly vanquishing the alien foe. What about the people who perform the unexciting “blue collar” jobs that make the voyages possible?

A being, of indeterminate gender, maintains a ship’s waste treatment system. A female asteroid miner has a unique companion. It is an alien-constructed being, made from human sperm. It looks exactly like a human, but, on the inside, there is no mind or personality. Imagine an episode of the TV show “The Deadliest Catch” moved to the asteroid belt.

On Titan, a human miner is caught in the conveyor belt that carries the pieces of rock out of the mine, and deposits them in a giant pile, in open vacuum. A trio of women spens their days walking on top of a domed city, patching up holes and cracks in the dome. Another story takes place on an Earth that has run out of energy. The only working motor vehicles are those that people build themselves. There is also a news story about the hazards involved in being part of the crew building a space station in orbit.

This is a strong, well done group of stories about a not-well-known part of society. There is a good variety of stories, from lesser-known authors, that are well worth reading.

Paul Lappen is a freelance book reviewer whose blog, Dead Trees Review, emphasizes small press and self-published books.

China Downstream Technology And Markets Conference And Exhibition For Downstream Petroleum Industry

The China Downstream Technology and Markets Conference will take place in Tianjin, China’s 5th largest city and a part of China’s oil industry: Boasting an abundance of offshore oil reserves, the central government has listed the site as a national base for the development of the oil industry and Chinese oil giants such as Sinopec, CNOOC and PetroChina have all established their presence here. The event is organised by Euro Petroleum Consultants in partnership with the China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation and will take place on 19 & 20 May 2011.

EPC Ltd’s China Downstream is set to attract 20+ Exhibitors and 300+ attendees, most of which will be Chinese. It will discuss The Chinese and South East Asian Gas & Coal Processing, Refining, Residue Upgrading & Petrochemicals industries in two parallel sessions.

The event will provide a valuable insight into industry challenges in addition to refining and processing technology innovations from highly qualified & experienced professionals who will be presenting real case studies.

This dynamic new event will assess the current performance and future outlook for the refining, petrochemical and gas industries in China and South-East Asia, as well as presenting the latest technology developments in the downstream industry. For more details on the topics to be covered or to suggest another topic for presentation please visit our event web page at www.europetro.com/China_Downstream_2011

Who Should Attend?

China Downstream will be of great interest to:

” Heads of Refining, Petrochemicals and Gas Processing companies

” Heads of Planning and Strategy

” Oil, Gas and Petrochemical Engineers

” Oil & Gas Technology Suppliers

” Oil & Gas Equipment Manufacturers

” Engineering & Contracting companies

” Oil, Gas and Petrochemical Consultants

” Western companies looking to create business partnerships with their Chinese counterparts

Call For Papers

We are now calling for papers for this event and selling sponsorships and exhibition stands. Demand is likely to be very high, so please contact us early to secure your participation. Please send an abstract or discussion topic proposal to

FOr more details on Euro Petroleum Consultants, China Downstream Markets and Technology Conference and the other upcoming events please visit www.europetro.com

Benefits Of Educational Science Kits

Educational science kits are designed to supplement formal classroom education. These kits contain lab equipment, materials, manuals, and references to be hands-on to provide a holistic learning to students.

There are numerous benefits that educational science kits offer to students. A child is able to learn science experimentally with the help these kits. Experiential learning or learning by experience is essential for turning knowledge into wisdom for children. It helps a child to absorb more knowledge and ensures that the learning stays in the mind for longer time. Classroom teaching is not sufficient if you want your children to grasp more knowledge. Educational science kits make learning more effective for students.

Another crucial benefit of using educational science kits is that they make learning, a great fun. Classroom learning is believed to be boring because kids get bored listening to long classroom lectures. Science kits on the other hand make learning fun and enjoyable. Because these kits are hands-on, children are able to have fun while experimenting. For instance, a science weather kit produces thunder sound and lightening which entertains the kids and makes them grasp things in a much better manner.

Educational science kits are indeed the safest way to learn science. There are many theories and principles in science that can be understood only when demonstrated practically. There are science kits to explain functioning of electronic gadgets like computers, mobile phones, freeze, heaters, washing machines, air conditioners, and so on. These science kits include safe ingredients to ensure maximum safety to children while experimenting with them.

Science educational kits are essential for the child”s ultimate learning experience. They make learning fast, easy, and enjoyable. Educational science kits are available in educational stores, as well as at the online stores. You must always prefer to buy educational science kits from a reputable online store. There are a dozens of websites on the Internet that provide plenty of information about them. You can go through these websites to know more about the different types of science kits that they deal in. They offer you a plethora of options to choose from to make learning exciting for your child.

If you want to buy educational science kits for your child or want to know more about Physics lab equipment, physics laboratory equipment, school science lab supplies, please visit sciencefirst.com

Zoology Science Fair Projects

Among the topics of interest for students who wish to create zoology science fair projects those that involve ants are the ones most students will choose. A zoology science fair project will demonstrate the knowledge that students have learned regarding some particular type of animal. Ants hold a great fascination for children and adults alike. These amazing little creatures are communal and depend on each other for survival. Very seldom do we see a single ant. This type of living system makes ants a favorite topic for zoology science fair projects. Students can choose any number of subjects related to ants or any other animal to study for their zoology science fair projects.

One of the most interesting subjects that students study using ant populations is in the area of food choice. While most people are familiar with ants as uninvited guests at picnics, most people know very little about these tiny creatures. A zoology science fair project will use different foods to see which flavors, if any, the ants prefer. Students will conduct experiments and collect the data from these experiments in order to make a presentation for the zoology science fair projects. This data will then be used to compare different types of foods. It could then be used in supplemental studies to compare the flavor choices of different types of ants. These little creatures are more than willing to participate in these types of experiments because all that is required of them is that they eat!

Zoology science fair projects can also be performed on microorganisms such as bacteria. The zoology science fair projects can also be based on the osmosis and diffusion that is present in living cells. These types of zoology science fair projects are particularly suited to computer-generated presentations. Since these organisms and processes are too small for the human eye to see, students often have a difficult time grasping the concepts. Zoology science fair projects are a great way to demonstrate these types of scientific phenomenon. The presentations bring to life all the tiny components involved in the life experiences of living creatures. These and many other topics, such as the study of environmental changes for marine life, the effects of chemicals on animals, and how different conditions affect growth rates, can be explored with zoology science fair projects.

Curtain Walling Metal Technology

Curtain walling metal technology refers to a system of curtain walling that is developed and designed by Metal Technology, a reputed name in window and door systems. It is suitable for high rise and low rise applications.

Windows and doors manufactured by curtain walling metal technology are attractive and have clean lines which are capable to enhance all types of office and commercial facades as demanded by modern building technology.

The Metal Technology high rise curtain wall system is designed as a stick system by curtain walling metal technology. This type of design allows mullions and transoms to be transported to site as prepared components and the grid work is assembled onto the building in stick form.

Carefully designed fixing brackets allow the curtain walling to be fixed back to the structure easily and securely so that all loads are transferred back to the buildings main structural form. Expansion joints are allowed on every floor or every other floor to accommodate any building movement by curtain walling metal technology.

In a case where curtain walling is required for low rise developments curtain walling metal technologys system 8 low rise curtain walling is preferred. Being a metal technology, it is obvious that this kind of curtain walling systems are manufacturing is to exacting standards giving economy with required strength, and many years of aesthetic, trouble-free operation.

In order to help flood the buildings with light, curtain walling metal technology has used System 17 high rise curtain wall, along with its Latitude curtain walling, System 8 low rise and System 10 glazed doors.

Metal Technology’s curtain walling systems offer a wide range of caps and profiles that allow the designer to select a profile to meet the design requirements of the project.

For example, curtain walling metal technology offers the Latitude system which particularly gives a strong horizontal focus and is excellent in drawing attention and drama to a glass elevation.

Curtain walling metal technology also can design and supply bespoke profile options giving the architect greater scope in his design.

Metal Technology has a wide retail portfolio with blue chip clients such as Asda, Tecso, Homebase etc in many parts of the UK and Ireland.

New Technology Could Increase Fertility Treatment Success Rates

The fertility treatment industry and the medical field in general are no strangers to new technology making its way into the field. Innovative procedures and treatments are introduced consistently in the medical industry, with research being conducted every day to help improve the lives of people and, in the fertility field, to help couples conceive.

In vitro fertilization may be a staple among assisted reproductive technologies, as many people have become familiar with the procedure that combines an egg and sperm in a dish in a laboratory so that an embryo may form and be placed in the woman’s uterus where she is expected to carry it to term. With innovations in the field, the success rate of IVF has increased consistently through the years.

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis allows doctors to determine if any genetic defects exist in embryos used in the in vitro fertilization process. By diagnosing genetic disorders in embryos before they are used in an IVF procedure, many scientists and doctors believe that this has helped to cut down on genetic defects at birth and has improved the success rate of IVF.

Still, there are those looking for other ways to increase the in vitro fertilization success rate. Using a procedure called Array Comparative Genomic Hybridization (Array CGH), scientists believe that the new technology will increase the success of fertility treatment.

In this procedure, about 8 to 10 cells are removed from a blastocyst embryo on the fifth day following retrieval. The cells are then tested, which many believe has led to an increase in the IVF success rate. The procedure may require a couple of weeks before results may be obtained, which requires that the embryos are cryo-pressed and transferred in another treatment cycle. Research is still being done regarding this new technology in fertility treatment, including whether there are any adverse effects on the embryo throughout this process.

Couples and patients who are interested in this new technology and other fertility treatments should speak to a medical professional at a fertility clinic in their area for more information. In cases where couples have gone through several treatments with no success, exploring other options may be helpful. For couples and patients new to treatment, utilizing a proven treatment may be the best option. Of course, this is a decision that couples must make amongst themselves and with the guidance of a medical professional in the fertility services field.

Science Definitions – How to Make Soap

Before you begin making homemade soap you may want to learn some science definitions. Why is it important? There is a science behind making soap. Some chemicals can be very potent and caution should be heeded. Homemade soap goes through a process of soap formation called saponification. Do you know what saponification means? If you studied science definitions you would know the answer. There is chemistry involved in learning how to make soap. Chemicals are reacting with each other and can be very potent. If you do not understand how chemicals react or the properties they contain then you will have difficulty, for certain, making homemade soap.

Chemicals such as lye, essential oils, glycerin, natural extracts, soap making oils and more should all be understood and used with caution. One example, before working with lye, proper safety precautions should be used. Lye can cause very serious burns if it directly contacts the skin. What should you do if lye does contact the skin or any area surrounding your soap making project? If you knew your science definitions you would know the answers to these very important questions. Knowing these ingredients will, also, be beneficial for making your homemade soap recipes.

Making homemade soap can be a lot of fun, but it does have an expense just like any other hobby or project. If you knew your science definitions, you could save time and money. Are there certain ingredients you would like to know about? Learn with science definitions or science terms.

The reason most people make their own homemade soap is because they know it is healthier for their skin than modern, commercial, soap! How is it healthier? Do you know what parabens are? If you knew your science definitions you would understand the dangers of parabens, found in most commercial soaps! You would, also, learn of homemade soaps and many other homemade skin care products made with a paraben-free preservative!

Take time and learn science definitions, science facts, science terms, science lessons and, even, fun science trivia about making homemade soap! You will be learning from a master soap maker who teaches soap making classes, soap demonstrations, soap workshops and more throughout the southeast USA! You can, even, see soap science and saponification in progress by watching a clip from a soap making DVD! This DVD has step-by-step, easy, soap making instructions! You can learn an abundance of soap making information!

Before you begin making homemade soap, stop, and take time to learn the science facts. Learning science definitions can be your starting point for learning how to make soap! Get started! Have fun making your very own homemade soap!

Blue Northern Energy Acquires Quicksilver Biodiesel Technology

Blue Northern Energy is revitalizing the biodiesel industry. BNEs mission is to create a sustainable and profitable biofuel production industry throughout the United States. BNE combines the latest technology advances, refining processes and innovative minds to develop sustainable and profitable biodiesel production facilities. BNE provides guidance and solutions to businesses and communities in their endeavors to develop new biodiesel production facilities or retrofitting existing facilities to make them sustainable and profitable. Through its work and expertise BNE, distinguishes itself as the leader in the renewable energy field.

Blue Northern Energy (BNE) has acquired a unique technology for producing biodiesel fuel. The Quicksilver Biodiesel Technology (QSB) is a continuous biodiesel production process by the trans-esterification of vegetable oils. Multiple feedstocks may be used, allowing the lowest cost feedstocks to be used. The ability to modify the process continuously, as the feedstocks change by modulating the other reactants to the process rather than changing batch recipes, makes it a highly flexible and more efficient process. The process also allows a reduction in capital cost of up to 40% and a reduction in operating cost through lower energy cost of up to 30%. These benefits of the technology have been confirmed through a 3rd party assessment completed by the Center for Process Innovation.

The QSB technology has been extensively tested at the pilot plant in Budapest, Hungary. Feedstocks from Europe as well as the USA have been demonstrated, both individually as well as blends.

Developing and improving the technology is a high priority for BNE, and fundamental to our global expansion plans. In order to support this, BNE will be establishing a new Innovation Center located next to the first biodiesel plant in Newton, Illinois. The center will have the capability to demonstrate future feedstock processing and perform extensive fuel quality measurements for BNE plants and experimental samples.

It is the administrator of the BN National Trail facility from conceptualization, development, construction to management. This facility exemplifies the revolutionary technology of BNE and production process that utilized multiple crops, edible and non-edible, for sustainable, high quality and profitable biodiesel production.

BNEs staff will increase to support this technology program. A senior chemical process expert will be brought on board to perform mass and energy balance calculations and design the chemical process for advanced feedstocks. Also, a technical engineering manager will be brought on to manage the creation of the high level design documents for future plants

BNEs goal through sharing new technology, management and finance procedures is that BNE will empower communities to establish new biofuel production facilities and for existing facilities to be retrofitted with new technology to become more profitable and efficient.

Ideas For Science Fair Electricity Projects

Science Fair Electricity

In the 21st century those citizens of developed nations often take for granted their access to electricity. We all simply flip a switch and have all manner of electrical gadgets at our disposal. In the last couple of decades these opportunities have grown to include communications across the globe via the Internet. All of this is possible due to our access to electricity and other forms of power. While this has been around over 100 years now, science fair electricity projects are still some of the favorites for students. Many of us who use electricity every day have no idea how or why this works. We are clueless about the science of protons, electrons, and neutrons while reaping their benefits on a daily basis. Students who choose science fair electricity projects are not among the uneducated! They are some of the brightest students who are able to understand the invisible processes required to make the light bulb come on when the switch is flipped up and go off when it is flipped down.

Science fair electricity demonstrations are some of the most interesting at the event. While some projects involve computer graphics or visual representations of the processes that the student has studied, science fair electricity allows for hands on experience. Students who make presentations for science fair electricity events can give live demonstrations of the nature of their subject. There will be groups of students and parents gathered around for a chance to participate in these experiments. All spectators will want to place their hand on the static electricity ball just so their hair will go flying in all directions. Other braver spectators will volunteer to touch their tongue to a potato that they are sure will not shock them. This is always a great crowd pleaser when students get their parents and teachers to volunteer for mild but unpleasant shock!

While all science fair projects hold interest, the science fair electricity projects are definitely the liveliest! Students can use sensation, light and sound to demonstrate their science fair electricity project findings. Students, teachers and parents alike will leave the event with a greater understanding of the properties of electricity by learning the concepts in hands on, or tongue on, fashion!

Research Papers Political Science Research Paper Writing Made Easy!

Writing political science research papers is not childs play. In fact, political science research paper writing is one of the most formidable academic writing assignments of your entire educational career. This article provides simple research paper help for writing a political science research paper without much difficulty.

* First, choose a relevant and interesting topic for your political science research paper. It is known that a topic that interests the writer is easy to write about.

* Once the topic is chosen, conduct thorough research using all the possible sources of information. Make sure to only use relevant and most authentic sources for your research papers. After completing the research, arrange all the research material in a systematic order to be able to use it effectively in your political science research paper.

* After arranging the research material and making relevant notes, prepare an outline for your political science research paper. A standard outline for political science research papers is based on the following sections:

Parts of a research paper

A typical research paper includes a title page, introduction, main body or arguments section, counter argument (if required) and a conclusion. Some institutions may also require an abstract, appendix, acknowledgements and a references and bibliographies section to be included in the research paper.

* Adopt a careful approach while writing your political science research paper. This means that you should know which type of information, data and references to add in the research paper and which not to.

* Your research paper writing should be in a flowing manner with each sentence and section composed as a logical and natural sequence of the previous ones.

* Make sure that you do not use any kind of plagiarism while writing your political science research paper because if you do, you wont only lose marks but also your reputation as a decent student.

* Use least possible quotes from the research material and only if required. It is highly suggested to write in your own words as it shows your capabilities and knowledge of writing research papers.

* Cite all references properly and clearly in the references and bibliographies section.

The above would certainly help you write better research papers in the future. For further assistance, you can also get professional research paper help from www.academic-writing.net which is the leading provider of research paper writing services.