Category Archives: Technology and Science

Research Papers Political Science Research Paper Writing Made Easy!

Writing political science research papers is not childs play. In fact, political science research paper writing is one of the most formidable academic writing assignments of your entire educational career. This article provides simple research paper help for writing a political science research paper without much difficulty.

* First, choose a relevant and interesting topic for your political science research paper. It is known that a topic that interests the writer is easy to write about.

* Once the topic is chosen, conduct thorough research using all the possible sources of information. Make sure to only use relevant and most authentic sources for your research papers. After completing the research, arrange all the research material in a systematic order to be able to use it effectively in your political science research paper.

* After arranging the research material and making relevant notes, prepare an outline for your political science research paper. A standard outline for political science research papers is based on the following sections:

Parts of a research paper

A typical research paper includes a title page, introduction, main body or arguments section, counter argument (if required) and a conclusion. Some institutions may also require an abstract, appendix, acknowledgements and a references and bibliographies section to be included in the research paper.

* Adopt a careful approach while writing your political science research paper. This means that you should know which type of information, data and references to add in the research paper and which not to.

* Your research paper writing should be in a flowing manner with each sentence and section composed as a logical and natural sequence of the previous ones.

* Make sure that you do not use any kind of plagiarism while writing your political science research paper because if you do, you wont only lose marks but also your reputation as a decent student.

* Use least possible quotes from the research material and only if required. It is highly suggested to write in your own words as it shows your capabilities and knowledge of writing research papers.

* Cite all references properly and clearly in the references and bibliographies section.

The above would certainly help you write better research papers in the future. For further assistance, you can also get professional research paper help from www.academic-writing.net which is the leading provider of research paper writing services.

How To Build A Greenhouse Grade 7 Science Fair Projects

A greenhouse is basically a structure that has been designed to capture and retain the heat from the sun. It is used to grow plants when the climate does not want to cooperate. Greenhouses can be used in a number of science fair projects and can be used to test concepts from a variety of fields of sciences including engineering, physics, botany and biology.

Project #1 Capturing Heat Energy

In this project the students will be designing a greenhouse that captures heat energy from multiple sources. They will be capturing heat energy from the sun and geothermal heat energy from the ground. This project will require the student to learn about heat extraction techniques related to solar energy and geothermal energy.

Sample hypotheses that can be tested with this project include:
(1) The thickness of the plastic used for enclosing the greenhouse impacts the amount of heat conservation in the greenhouse;
(2) The opaqueness of the material used for enclosing the greenhouse impacts the amount of heat conservation in the greenhouse;
(3) The depth of the insulation on the floor of the greenhouse impacts the amount of geothermal heat conservation in the greenhouse.

Project #2 Growing Radishes

In this project the student will build a greenhouse so that they can grow radishes and conduct experiments on the radish plants during times of the year that are not normally conducive to gardening. Radish projects can look at a number of things. For example, students can try to cross pollinate radishes with another root vegetable like carrots, they can attempt to grow radishes in sand or they can try to manipulate the size of the radish by exposing the plant to 20 hours of light per day.

Project #3 Engineering Greenhouses

For students that are interested in engineering, greenhouse science fair projects can be developed with an engineering focus. For example, students can try to develop a greenhouse using nothing but materials that are normally thrown out or recycled, such as cans, bottles and plastic containers. Students will not only need to design and build their greenhouse, but they will also need to test the effectiveness their greenhouse has in regards to collecting and conserving heat energy.

Project #4 Studying Solar Energy Applications

The final project option will be an application project. Students will be learning about solar energy and how to use this knowledge to harness the suns energy to heat a greenhouse. For this project students will design and build a greenhouse that maximizes the energy delivered by the sun. A good approach for this project is to see if their design can magnify solar energy within the greenhouse to make it effective in cold weather.

How To Do A High School Science Fair Project In One Day

When you are in high school your schedule is jam packed with activities and responsibilities. Not only are you taking more difficult classes, but you are expected to complete a lot more assignments. If you have been assigned a science fair project and you are down to your last day to work on it and have yet to start then these tips are for you. They will help you to complete a science fair project in just one day.

Tip #1 Select a Topic You All Ready Know About

The best option that you have is to select a topic for your science fair project that you all ready know something about, and preferably a topic that you have all ready done research on. Your science textbook is a good source for topics to work with, as is the Internet. Since you will need to complete a literature review, more commonly known as background research, then go online or to your library and select five resources on your topic. Read the introduction and summary to mine out the most important pieces of information. The summaries from your research will make up the first part of your project report after the introduction.

Tip #2 Use a Sample Science Fair Project

A good way to cut corners on project development and design is to use a sample science fair project. You cannot just copy a sample project point by point. Instead you will take the basic principles from the sample and expand on them. For example, the project may test the effect that heat has on a certain chemical reaction. You can alter this project by focusing on how cold impacts the same chemical reaction.

Tip #3 Look for a Behavior Project Opportunity

Human behavior is a great topic for a quick science fair project. For example, you can study how smiling at people in a mall impacts their facial expressions. To complete the experiment all you have to do is walk through a mall for an hour smiling at people and counting how many people smile back.

Tip #4 Expand on Class Demonstrations

Another option that you have for a quick science fair project is to simply expand on a classroom experiment or demonstration. The classroom demonstration can act as the primer for your project. For example a physics demonstration may show you how to calculate the force of a bowling ball impacting a wall. Your project can use the formula and basic experiment set up to determine how force can be increased by manipulating a specific characteristic of the experiment, such as the speed of the ball or the distance that the ball travels before hitting the wall.

Some Parents Actually Think That Teaching Reading Is Rocket Science But It Isnt

Teaching reading takes time not rocket science, and the more time you put in the faster your kids will learn. Really there is no fast easy way to teach reading but you dont need to be a rocket scientist to teach your kids to read.

I suppose some teachers and schools would say that teaching reading is rocket science. But that would be to keep your children in the mainstream school system, especially if you are thinking of homeschooling.

If you take the phonics approach to teaching reading you might think phonics are rocket science but after you look into phonics you find out how easy they are. I prefer the Montessori approach to teaching phonics because she uses sandpaper letters. Now sandpaper letters actually help to implant the words and phonic sounds in your childs mind while she is just tracing the sandpaper letter.

You might think phonics are confusing but they are really quite simple because we say them every time we speak. Phonics are just a visual representation of the spoken word. And once your child can match the sound with the letters then she is well on the way on the road to reading fluently.

The problem with phonics is after learning phonics your child can read anything but she might not understand what she is reading. So you have to be there to explain some new words and sentences. It is also a good idea to ask your child to explain to you what she is reading and then you will know if she understands what she is reading. So teaching reading is not rocket science it just takes time

God Master Of Science, Strengthening The Claim For The Creator

I have often heard people say that modern scientific theories have a diminishing effect on God the divine creator. Why? could it be because evolution appears to be contrary to account of the creation as recorded in the Bible’s book of Genesis. Could it be because people believe that naturally occurring processes in nature take away from the miraculous power of God? Whatever the reason, there has always been a tension visible between science and the nature of God.
I wish to express my love for both science and God. I believe that God is the master of science. He created all of the naturally occurring processes found in the universe. Thus allowing his matchless power to be seen all over the universe while being able to be a single entity of who’s image we are created (as stated in the Bible). We know that God is all knowing all powerful, and that he continues to expand the universe. We also know that God is a single entity. If God were not a single entity, we would not be created in his image.
I believe that science only supports the idea of a designer. Have you ever taken a biology class? Have you ever seen how many parts there are to a cell. There are literally millions of tiny parts and genetic codes that make up one single cell. These little miracles are pieced together ever so intricately. If one little thing was out of order in this small but still very complicated organism, the cell would not give way to life. I find it very hard to believe that even the most basic single celled organisms that were said to be among the first life forms on this Earth, could still assemble all of that DNA code so perfectly, then piece together the nucleus, chromatin, ribosomes, mitochondria, microfilaments, lysosomes, and on and on, without some kind of an outside presence to put the pieces together so perfectly.
This is one of the many examples I will outline in the next few articles to come. Basically I will show you why you have a greater chance of winning the lottery 10 times in a row then you have of being alive without a God.

The Principle Of Retinal And Iris Scanning Technology

Fingerprint method can be misapplied. This reality is proven scientifically correct. For that reason, people then try to find the more reliable biometric systems.

The retina is part of the eyes that is responsible for the ability to see. The pattern of blood vessels that forms the retina is as unique as fingerprint. The principle of retinal scanning technology is scanning the pattern of capillary blood vessels on the retina with low-intensity light sources.

In 1987, the first retinal scanner was made by Leonard Flom and Aram Safir and has been patented. However, by the year 1994, John Daugman developed the technology of iris scanning as a competitor for retinal scanner.

Retinal scanning principle

Retinal scanning is based on the fine capillary network that meets the needs of oxygen and nutrients to the retina. These blood vessels absorb light and can easily be visualized with appropriate lighting. To that end, the close distance between the eyes and a scanner is needed. The appropriate position of eyes toward the scanner is also necessary. Also, there must be no eye movement, such as blink or glance.

Retinal scanning can not be 100 percent accurate. It is also less suitable as a security tool because even though the pattern of capillary blood vessels of human beings’ retinas cannot change generally, but diabetes, glaucoma, and cataracts can change it.

Iris scanning

In its development, retinal scanning is considered to be too disruptive in the case of security detection devices. In the use of retinal scanning, the eyes should be as close as possible with the scanner. For long-term, the light of scanner that is too close to the eye can give negative effects.

Because of the weakness, iris scanning technology emerges as strong competitor. Iris, a network that gives color to the eyes is also unique in which the chance for two identical slices is 1:1,078. Even, the left iris and right iris of someone are different.

Wireless Credit Card Terminal – A Perfect Example Of High Technology That Has Changed The Method Of

We are living in a highly developed society that is completely based on high-end technology and in every field we can experience the contribution made by the latest technology. It has made our life simple, easier and convenient in various aspects and we have experienced the major transformation it has made in our life. One of the best results of this technological development is the credit card that is used for payment of almost every transaction we make. A credit card payment system is much safer and easier than the traditional method of cash payment. Credit card and wireless credit card terminals have changed the method of online and offline shopping.

A credit card swipe terminal is essential for a shopkeeper, who wants to accept credit cards in their shops. Traditionally this terminal has a magnetic strip reader, a display and a keypad. Sometimes a printer is also attached. The latest version of the credit card terminal is a wireless credit card terminal, which is most suitable for restaurants and cab firms. Wireless credit card terminals allow a person to process credit cards electronically anywhere and it allows business to process transactions from mobile locations efficiently and quickly. This terminal is mostly used by businesses that mainly operate in a mobile environment. For mobile business it is the easiest way to conduct transactions for their business.

The working process of the wireless credit card terminal is same as the traditional credit card machine, except that the transaction in the wireless terminal occurs over wireless networks instead of phone lines. The wireless credit card terminal is the most advanced processing terminal and it still incorporates time tested technology to ensure their durability and reliability. Presently some terminals operate on GPRS wireless network giving complete advantage in wireless availability over any other wireless terminals. These terminals are the most cost effective method for wireless credit card processing.

Wireless terminals do not have any wires connected to them hence it can be moved to any place and this is the biggest advantage with the wireless credit card terminal. Moreover these terminals are small, lightweight, portable, and hence it could be easily carried inside a pocket to any place. It can accept the card virtually at any place. These terminals do not require any separate phone lines. Wireless technology is quite safe and secured and it also reduces the chance of fraud or stolen cards. It also eliminates the involvement of hard cash in the transaction thus reducing the chance of error in calculation.

Plan an Electrifying Start to Your Information Technology Industry Career

It seems that most people these days have a friend, relative or neighbor in the Information Technology industry. One could be forgiven for concluding that this popularity is a product of a well known process supplying the Information Technology industry with rejuvenated stock year in and year out. Nothing could be further from the truth, approximately 70,000 searches a month for the keywords Information Technology Career or similar variances on Google alone validate this claim.

Even with a University degree many graduates find themselves lost and confused about their career path. The problem that graduates face is that Information Technology is a broad description encompassing any and all industries involved with the storage, processing or delivery of information. Telecommunications specialists and hardware technicians alike call themselves “IT” professionals despite very different training and skill sets. As do developers, business analysts, help desk consultants, web designers and database administrators just to name a few others.

In an industry where knowledge is rewarded, opportunity awaits savvy students and trainees who focus their training sooner rather than later. Take our two example students whom Ive very imaginatively called Student#1 and Student#2.

Student #1 wasnt sure where his IT education might take him. He is bright and cruised through his course producing the following impressive results.

2007 High School Graduate
2010 Information Technology Degree (6.1 of a maximum 7 GPA)

Good results are great. But can we raise the bar without improving on the GPA?

Student #2 researched the industry very early into his degree; he spoke with appropriate parties including recruitment agencies and other IT professionals. He even volunteered for three weeks of work experience in his field of choice. He continued on a focused career track throughout his time at university and at the end of his degree his final portfolio of achievements looked like this;

2007 High School Certificate
2008 Systems Administrator (3 week work experience) Company XYZ
2009 Microsoft Certified Professional (MCP) Self Study
2009 Professional Membership AITP (Association of Information Technology Professionals)
2010 Information Technology Degree (5.6 of a maximum 7 GPA)
Major Infrastructure Technologies
Major Network Technologies

Student #2 focused his efforts towards a Systems Administrator role three years before he was scheduled to finish his degree. Apart from the additional experience he was able to get a first hand insight into the industry and learned that an MCP certification would be a valuable asset to his job hunting arsenal. Additional research also led him to join a professional association. Even his university degree shows clear intent and when you compare his achievements with Student#1 he looks a much stronger candidate despite a lower University GPA.

This is an example of well planned career development. The Information Technology industry excels in presenting unique opportunities and this is no exception. Forward thinkers and innovators stand up and get noticed Will you cruise through your studies or are you taking the bull by the horns?

Mobile Communication A Cutting Edge Technology

Wireless communication has diffused faster than any other communication technology in history. To begin with, the most pervasive technology in this field has been Mobile Phone which brought a wave of variations in the mode of communication.

Within a span of about 10 years Mobile telephony has moved from being the technology of a privileged few to an essentially main stream technology. It actually began to take off world wide in mid 90s when the ratio of mobile to land line phone went up from 1:34(1991) to about 1:8(1998). By 2000 the ratio of mobile phone to land line phone rose to 1:2 and by 2003, mobile phone subscriptions had overtaken mainline subscription for the first time. Since then mobile phone subscriptions have continued to rise effectively at a fast rate. With the passage of time mobile phones have not only become substitutes for wired phones but have overshadowed them.

There has been a significant increase in mobile phone subscription in the past decade and mobile phones have outstripped fixed lines in most countries. The main reason being that the mobile phones come with a wealth of features like text messaging, email, internet access, games, music playback, personal organizer, etc. The mobile phone technology is getting more and more advanced with each passing day.

Considering the importance of WIRELESS INTERNET –Although there are a variety of ways to access the internet wirelessly( for example mobile phones, pagers, laptops, PDAs) access via mobile phone has received the most kind attention in the past few years , probably because mobile phone is the primary mode used to remain connected with information and resources.

It has been rightly quoted “With mobile phone in your hands the world is at your finger tips.”

Further emphasizing on the future of internet and communication it has been rightly said “The future of the internet and computing application is not going be in the home or at the office ; its going to be MOBILE” —-Nigel Clifford, Sybian Secondly preference for asynchronous communication method suits the fast & modern lifestyle. As we all know email is considered more efficient, faster, cost effective and secured means of communication. Today’s global workforce demands “anywhere, anytime” technology. Information on the move is a necessity as well as an advantage.

Emails brought us the freedom to communicate quickly with anyone anywhere over the internet. Being the most cost effective and efficient method to transmit all kinds of electronic data, it has become indispensable for professionals, students and probably for everybody who has the need to access emails while on the move.

For modern enterprises, the benefits of accessing emails on mobile are clear: its convenient and provides for new opportunities, and they are an exceptionally effective way for workers to stay connected with both colleagues and back-office information It provides

1. Increased employee productivity while away from the office.

Information Technology and Its Advantages in Business

Information technology, or simply IT, is already widely considered to be an important aspect in any businesses today. Just like marketing, information technology is a vital aspect in an enterprise since it contributes greatly to the success of the organization. You may notice a lot of that offer individuals and even corporations IT assistance. But first, what is information technology? Where did it originate?

During the 1960s up to the 70s, information technology was just limited to people who are under the banking sector and to computer scientists. After a decade, the use of personal computers became rampant in almost all offices and this gave rise to a surge in the field of information technology. In the past, information technology deals with storage tapes created by network administrators so that the employee’s computer terminals could be interconnected. Nowadays, information technology have a broader scope in a way that it already deals with computer software; networking; and online communication means like e-mails, chatrooms, and video chats. One could simply define information technology as a combination of computer and communication technology.

Information technology is primarily used for storing, processing, securing, receiving, and retrieving information. Several firms also employ the use of IT in order to solve more complex mathematical and logical problems. Furthermore, information technology also helps to enhance project management system in an office. It helps employees to gain more relevant information on a specific problem, understand its complexity, and think of better ideas in order to improve their output (e.g. products and services the company offers).

Information technology is constantly developing. Many consider that it is already the information technology era. This means that for a business to survive in today’s competitive world, it needs to have good and dependable IT system that could be provided by has to offer. Information technology or sometimes information and communication technology (ICT) refers to the use of computerized systems to store, process, and spread information to every department in a company.

Moreover, business tycoons also agree that investment in IT programs is really important especially if you are running an accounting firm or any business that deals with financial data. Having effective IT systems enable the company to keep up with today’s fast-paced world, successfully carrying out necessary changes to improve the company processes and procedures.

In addition, information technology also paved the way for the development of computer networks that allow people to readily access massive information sources. Aside from getting information or acquiring knowledge, ICT systems provided by professionals rely on also allow citizens to create information and/or share their various experiences with the world.